APLIKASI TEKNOLOGI BIOENGINEERING JEBAKAN SEDIMEN DI SUB DAS CITANDUY HULU

Hasmana Soewandita, Nana Sudiana

Abstract


Citanduy watershed  has been classified as a critical watershed in West Java. Sedimentation load at Citanduy watershed reach 5 milion cubic meters/years.  It is indicated that lagoon area “Segara Anakan” was decreased about 823 hectars. Land use changes for cultivation area at Citanduy upland causes acceleration  land degradation. Various efforts of the civil engineering and vegetative approach have been applied to control  erosion and sedimentation. Alternative technology for  controlling soil erosion and sedimentation is the application of sediment trap bioengineering.  It is application on micro catchment area, environment-friendly, and easily adapted for the farmers community.  The main for material of bioengineering sediment trap is  made of  Bamboo. Results of design that is applied in the critical area at Bukit  Bitung up land (Citaduy upland) Kecamatan Tambaksari, Ciamis Region, measuring the width between 100 cm to 150 cm, whereas the  height are between 80 cm to 100 cm. The application of this technology is effective sediment traps for micro catcment area of <5 hectars. Therefore for  a broad cachment area more sediment traps are required. In a period of not more than 1.5 month, the sediment trap  has been able to capture sediments up to 1 m3 per unit. The performance of sediment traps bioengineering also shown that bamboo as main components has grown up to not more than 30 days. The trapped sediments were restored back to the land for agricultural purposes after being add by agricultural waste. Sediments that have been processed at the same time also functions as soil amelioration or soil improvement.

 

Key words : degradasi lahan, jebakan sedimen, bioengineering, sedimentasi, ameliorasi

 


Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.