REJECTION CHARACTERISTICS OF ORGANOCHLORINE PESTICIDES BY LOW PRESSURE REVERSE OSMOSIS MEMBRANE

Woro Nastiti Utami, Rofiq Iqbal, I Gede Wenten

Abstract


The  increased  use  of  pesticides  has  led  to many  benefits  such  as  advanced  productivity and lower maintenance costs  in agriculture. On the other hand, their  adverse  effects  have  also  grown : an increase of  the risks to the ecosystem and human health. Pressure driven technique such as reverse osmosis and nanofiltration have the potentiality to remove hazardous organic micropollutants such as pesticides. The rejection characteristic of artificial water with 10 ppb concentration of endosulfan and organochlorine pesticides from upper Citarum water shed sample were investigated with a commercial low pressure reverse osmosis unit on laboratory scale. Rejection and flux were measured with a varied operational parameters ; pH, pressure, and feed concentration. Endosulfan rejection was achieved > 80% with all varied operational parameters. There was a little dependence permeate flux and percent of rejection on pH. An increasing pressure caused a higher permeate flux while there was no effect of an increasing pressure to higher percentage of endosulfan rejection. An increasing feed concentration caused a lower permeate flux due to an increasing osmotic pressure.  An increasing feed concentration also result in an increasing percent of endosulfan rejection. Organochlorine pesticides found in river water sample which are lindane, aldrin, and heptachlor were all rejected 100%. This may be caused by natural organic matter present in river water and hydrophobicity. Percent rejection was constant to pressure and pH variation.

 

Keywords : Low Pressure Reverse Osmosis, Organochlorine Pesticides, Pressure, pH, Feed Concentration


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.29122/jai.v6i2.2460

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