ANALISIS FILOGENETIK BEBERAPA KLON KARET DENGAN MARKA AFLP (AMPLIFIED FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM)

Juniza Firdha Suparningtyas, Okky Dwi Pramudyawardhani, Devit Purwoko, Teuku Tajuddin

Abstract


Phylogenetic Analysis of Rubber Tree Clones using AFLP (Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism) Marker

National rubber productivity is lower than other rubber producing countries in the world. The DNA marker-based plant breeding program is required to increase latex production and other superior characters. Breeding process by identifying genetic diversity can be done using AFLP marker. The aim of this study was to analyze the phylogenetic six rubber clones. Pre-amplification and amplification process were performed using 64 primer pair combinations followed by electrophoresis in 6% polyacrylamide gel. A total of 2806 AFLP fragments have been detected. Phylogenetic tree of six clones showed 60% of genetic similarity, which was consisted of two groups. GT 1 clone in the first group and was separated from other clones in the second group. Sub-group at the phylogenetic peak contained IRR 104 and RRIM 600 clones with genetic similarity of 74%. The information obtained from this study showed the genetic diversity of the six rubber clones. The unique bands were obtained as marker specific which could be used to identify clones.

Keywords: AFLP, DNA marker, phylogenetic tree, polymorphism, rubber clones

 

ABSTRAK

Produktivitas karet nasional masih lebih rendah dibanding dengan negara-negara penghasil karet lainnya di dunia. Diperlukan program pemuliaan tanaman karet yang berbasis marka DNA untuk meningkatkan produksi lateks serta karakter unggul lainnya. Proses pemuliaan untuk mengidentifikasi keragaman genetik bisa dilakukan dengan marka AFLP. Tujuan studi ini adalah untuk menganalisis filogenetik enam klon karet berdasarkan produktivitasnya. Proses pre-amplifikasi dan amplifikasi dilakukan dengan menggunakan 64 kombinasi pasangan primer yang dilanjutkan dengan analisis hasil elektroforesis pada gel poliakrilamid 6%. Sebanyak 2806 pita AFLP telah dihasilkan. Kekerabatan keenam klon menunjukkan kemiripan genetik sebesar 60%. Pohon filogenetik membentuk dua kelompok, yang memisahkan GT 1 dengan klon-klon lainnya. Sub-kelompok pada puncak filogenetik terdiri dari klon IRR 104 dan RRIM 600 dengan kemiripan genetik sebesar 74%. Informasi yang diperoleh telah menunjukkan keragaman genetik keenam klon karet yang bersifat polimorfis. Diperoleh pita-pita unik dari pasangan primer tertentu yang dapat berperan sebagai marka spesifik dan dapat digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi klon.

Kata Kunci: AFLP, klon karet, marka DNA, pohon filogenetik, polimorfisme


Keywords


klon karet; AFLP; marka DNA; polimorfisme; keragaman genetik

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29122/jbbi.v5i1.2544

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