MORFOLOGI SPORA DAN PERKEMBANGAN GAMETOFIT Davallia denticulata dan Davallia trichomanoides

Rezika Meliza, Tatik Chikmawati, Sulistijorini Sulistijorini

Abstract


Spore Morphology and Gametophyte Development of Davallia denticulata and Davallia trichomanoides

ABSTRACT

Davallia denticulata and D. trichomanoides are two attractive and decorative fern species for ornamental. Spore morphology has an important role in fern taxonomy, while media composition has important role in the growth and development of their gametophytes. Such information on the two fern species was lacking. Therefore, this study aimed to reveal the information of the spore morphology and gametophyte developmental stages of D. denticulata and D. trichomanoides on three different media. The spores were collected from Bogor, West Java. The spores were sown in three sterile media. Spore morphology and gametophyte development were observed under a stereoscopic microscope. Both gametophyte species reached their mature stage at 25 weeks after planting on the different media compositions. D. denticulata showed the best gametophyte development, and formed mature gametophytes on the media of vermiculite, sphagnum moss, and perlite, while D. trichomanoides grew best into maturity stage on the media containing vermiculite, and sphagnum moss. Thus, the presence of sphagnum moss in the media is an important material for the growth and development of Davallia gametophyte.

Keywords: Davallia, development, gametophyte, growth, media

 

ABSTRAK

Davallia denticulata dan D. trichomanoides merupakan dua spesies tumbuhan paku yang menarik dan indah untuk tanaman hias. Morfologi spora memiliki arti penting dalam taksonomi tumbuhan paku, sedangkan komposisi media berperan penting untuk pertumbuhan dan perkembangan gametofitnya. Informasi seputar hal ini terkait dua spesies tumbuhan paku tersebut belumlah ada. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap informasi mengenai ciri morfologi spora dan tahapan perkembangan gametofit D. denticulata dan D. trichomanoides pada tiga komposisi media berbeda. Pengambilan spora dilakukan di Bogor, Jawa Barat. Spora ditumbuhkan pada tiga media steril. Morfologi spora dan perkembangan gametofit diamati menggunakan mikroskop stereo. Kedua spesies memiliki waktu perkembangan terbaik untuk mencapai tahap gametofit dewasa yaitu 25 minggu pada komposisi media yang berbeda. D. denticulata berkembang dengan baik, dan membentuk gametofit dewasa pada media vermiculite, lumut sphagnum, dan perlite. D. trichomanoides berkembang hingga tahap gametofit dewasa dengan baik pada media vermiculite, dan lumut sphagnum. Dengan demikian keberadaan lumut sphagnum pada media sangat penting untuk pertumbuhan dan perkembangan gametofit Davallia.

Kata Kunci: Davallia, gametofit, media, perkembangan, pertumbuhan


Keywords


pertumbuhan; perkembangan; gametofit; media; Davallia

Full Text:

PDF

References


Chen G, Cheng X, Liau BD, Jiao Y (2008) Comparative studies on gametophyte morphology and development of seven species of Cyatheaceae. Amer Fern J 98:83-95. doi:10.1640/0002-8444(2008)98[83:CSOGMA]2.0.CO

de Winter WP, Amoroso VB (2003) Plants resources of South-East Asia. Cryptogams: ferns and fern allies. No. 15 (2). Prosea Foundation Bogor. Backhuys Pub, Leiden

Evans AM (1964) Ameiotic alternation of generations: A new life cycle in the ferns. Science 143:261-263. doi:10.1126/science.143.3603.261

Fuwu X, Faguo W, Nooteboom HP (2013) Davalliaceae. Flora of China 2-3:749-757

Grillas S, Lucas M, Bardopoulou E, Sarafopoulos S, Voulgari M (2001) Perlite based soilless culture systems: Current commercial applications and prospects. Acta Hortic 548:105-114. doi:10.17660/ActaHortic.2001.548.10

Hartini S (2006) Perkecambahan spora dan siklus hidup Paku Kidang
(Dicksonia blumei Moore) pada berbagai media tumbuh. Biodiversitas 7:85-89. doi:10.13057/biodiv/d070121

Haufler CH, Pryer KM, Schuettpelz E, Sessa EB, Farrar DR, Moran R, Schneller JJ, Watkins JE Jr, Windham MD (2016) Sex and the single gametophyte: Revising the homosporous vascular plant life cycle in light of contemporary research. BioSci 66:928-937. doi:10.1093/biosci/biw108

Heiskanen J (1995) Water status of sphagnum peat and a peat-perlite mixture in containers subjected to irrigation regimes. Hortscience 30:281-284. doi:10.21273/HORTSCI.30.2.281

Huang YM, Hsu SY, Huang MH, Chiou WL (2009) Reproductive biology of three Cheilanthoid ferns in Taiwan. Int J Plant Reprod Biol 1:109-116

Landis TD, Jacobs DF, Wilkinson KM, Luna T (2014) Growing media. In: Wilkinson KM, Landis TD, Haase DL, Daley BF, Dumroese RK (Eds). Tropical Nursery Manual: A guide to starting and operating a nursery for native and traditional plants. Pp 101-122. USDA, Forest Service. Agriculture Handbook, Washington DC

Luna ML, Yanez A, Giacosa JPR, Gorrer D, Berrueta PC, Giudice GE (2016) In vitro spore culture and reproductive aspects of the annual fern Anogramma chaerophylla (Pteridaceae). Bol Soc Argent Bot 51:675-682. doi:10.31055/1851.2372.v51.n4.16356

Marcon C, Silveira T, Schmitt JL, Droste A (2017) Abiotic environmental conditions for germination and development of gametophytes of Cyathea phalerata Mart. (Cyatheaceae). Acta Bot Bras 31:58-67. doi:10.1590/0102-33062016abb0288

Mildawati, Arbain A, Syamsuardi (2010) Diversitas Davallia di Sumatera Barat. Prosiding seminar dan rapat tahunan BKS-PTN wilayah Barat ke-21; 10-11 Mei 2010, Pekanbaru

Nayar BK, Kaur S (1971) Gametophytes of homosporous ferns. Bot Rev 37:295-396. doi:10.1007/BF02859157

Praptosuwiryo TN (2017) Spore germination and early gametophyte development of Platycerium wandae (Polypodiaceae) from Papua, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 18:175-182 doi:10.13057/biodiv/d180124

Praptosuwiryo TN, Pribadi DO, Rugayah (2015) Growth, development and morphology of gametophytes of golden chicken fern (Cibotium barometz (L.) J. Sm) in natural media. Biodiversitas 16:303-310. doi:10.13057/biodiv/d160227

Praptosuwiryo TN (2010) Gametophytes of the bird nest ferns Asplenium nidus (Aspleniaceae) from West Kalimantan. Bul Kebun Raya 13:1-7. doi:10.14203/bkr.v13i1.63

Puspitasari DS, Chikmawati T, Praptosuwiryo TN (2015) Gametophyte morphology and development of six species of Pteris (Pteridaceae) from Java Island Indonesia. J Trop Life Sci 5:98-104. doi:10.11594/jtls.05.02.08

Quattrocchi U (2012) CRC World dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants: common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology. CRC Press, New York

Ranal, MA (1999) Effects of temperature on spore germination in some fern species from semideciduous mesophytic Forest. Amer Fern J 89:149-158. doi:10.2307/1547349

Rechenmacher CI, Schmitt JL, Droste A (2010) Spore germination and gametophyte development of Cyathea atrovirens (Langsd. & Fisch.) Domin (Cyatheaceae) under different pH conditions. Braz J Biol 70:1155-1160. doi:10.1590/S1519-69842010000600004

RIS (1999) The economics of vermiculite. Roskill Information Services Ltd, London

Siregar M, Ardaka IM, Siregar HM (2014) Pengaruh jenis media dan zat pengatur tumbuh atonik terhadap perkecambahan spora dan pembentukan sporofit Lygodium circinnatum (Burm.f.) Sw. (Schizaeaceae). Bul Kebun Raya 17:15-24. doi:10.14203/bkr.v17i1.132

Smith AR, Pryer KM, Schuettpelz E, Korall P, Schneider H, Wolf PG (2006)
A classification for extant ferns. Taxon 55:705-731. doi:10.2307/25065646

Taiz L, Zeiger E (2002) Plant physiology. Third edition. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland

Toogood AR (1999) Propagating plants. The Royal Horticultural Society, Cambridge

Tryon AF, Lugardon B (1990) Spores of the Pteridophyta: Surface, wall structure, and diversity based on electron microscope studies. Springer-Verlag, New York

Wanarso, S (2005) Kesuburan tanah. Gava Media, Yogyakarta

Zaitseva N (2009) A polysaccharide extracted from Sphagnum moss as antifungal agent in archaeological conservation. Thesis, Queen’s University, Canada

 


 




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29122/jbbi.v6i1.2607

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


© Copyright: BY-NC-SA