THE ANATOMICAL CHARACTERS OF Ampelocissus (Vitaceae) IN SUMATRA

Main Article Content

Syadwina Hamama Dalimunthe
Tatik Chikmawati
Elizabeth A. Widjaja

Abstract

The revision of Ampelocissus was performed by observing the anatomical character of Ampelocissus leaves. The leaves were collected from 33 collection numbers of Herbarium Bogoriense (BO) and four collection numbers from Sumatra exploration. The purpose of this study is to update the information of diversity and to support species concept delimitation of Ampelocissus based on the anatomical study, especially on the sterile plant. Anatomical characters were observed on nine species and one variety of Sumatran Ampelocissus. Ampelocissus species is varied by the anatomical characters, i.e.: shape of the anticlinal wall of abaxial and adaxial epidermal cell, number of palisade layers, upper epidermal cell thickness, leaf thickness, presence of papillae on stomata neighboring cell, type, and shape of calcium oxalate crystals, also stomata position. The cluster analysis of Ampelocissus in Sumatra based on 16 anatomical characters showed the coefficient similarity in the range of 0.48 - 0.81. The research showed that the leaf anatomical characters can be used as additional characters to distinguish the species of Ampelocissus.


Keywords: calcium oxalate crystals, diversity, papillae, similarity coefficient, species concept


 


ABSTRAK


Ciri Anatomi Ampelocissus (Vitaceae) di Sumatera


Revisi Ampelocissus dilakukan dengan mengamati ciri anatomi daun dari marga Ampelocissus. Sebanyak 33 nomor koleksi Herbarium Bogoriense (BO) dan empat nomor koleksi hasil eksplorasi di Sumatera digunakan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperbarui informasi mengenai keanekaragaman dan mendukung konsep jenis Ampelocissus berdasarkan ciri anatomi, terutama pada tumbuhan steril. Studi anatomi dilakukan pada sembilan jenis dan satu varietas Ampelocissus di Sumatera. Jenis-jenis Ampelocissus di Sumatera bervariasi pada ciri anatomi yaitu bentuk dinding antilkinal sel epidermis pada bagian abaksial dan adaksial, jumlah lapisan jaringan tiang, ketebalan sel epidermis atas, ketebalan daun, kehadiran papila, jenis dan bentuk kristal kalsium oksalat, serta posisi stomata terhadap sel epidermis pada bagian abaksial daun. Analisis pengelompokan Ampelocissus di Sumatera menggunakan 16 ciri antomi dan menghasilkan fenogram dengan koefisien kemiripan 0,48 - 0,81. Ciri anatomi daun dapat digunakan sebagai ciri tambahan yang memiliki nilai taksonomi dalam membedakan jenis-jenis Ampelocissus di Sumatera.

Article Details

How to Cite
Dalimunthe, S. H., Chikmawati, T., & Widjaja, E. A. (2021). THE ANATOMICAL CHARACTERS OF Ampelocissus (Vitaceae) IN SUMATRA. Jurnal Bioteknologi & Biosains Indonesia (JBBI), 7(2), 182-193. https://doi.org/10.29122/jbbi.v7i2.3229
Section
Research Articles

References

Backer CA, Bakhuizen van den Brink RC (1963). Flora of Java. Volume 2. NVP Noordhoff, Groningen, pp 86-94.

Cutler DF (1978) Applied anatomy. London, Longman, pp 103.

Davis SD (1995) Regional overview: South East Asia (Malesia). In: Davis SD, Heywood VH, (ed) Centres of plant diversity, 2nd vol. WWF/IUCN, Oxford, pp 229-299.

Ickert-Bond SM, Wen J. Leaf anatomical characters in the Vitis – Ampelocissus clade correlate with a transition from tropical to temperate climate. Poster session presented at: Botany 2014: New frontiers in botany; 2014 July 26–30; The Boise Centre, Idaho.

Latiff A (1982) Studies in Malesian Vitaceae, 4. The genera of Ampelocissus, Ampelopsis and Parthenocissus in the Malay Peninsula. Fed Mus J 27:78–93.

Laumonier Y (1997) The vegetation and physiography of Sumatra. Kluwer Academic Pulishers, Dordrecht.

Metcalfe CR, Chalk L (1950) Ampelidaceae (Vitaceae). In: Anatomy of the dicotyledons, 2nd vol. Oxford Press, London, pp 413-419.

Merrill ED (1921) A bibliographic enumeration of Bornean plants. Fraser & Neave, Singapore, pp 364-365.

Merrill ED (1938) New Sumatran plants III. In: McCartney ES & Stockhard AH (ed) Papers of the Michigan academy of science arts and letters. The Plimpton Press, Norwood, pp 177-202.

Miquel FAG (1863) Ampelidae novae. In: Miquel FAG, Wilhelm FA (ed) Flora Indiae Batavae, supplementum primum prodromus florae Sumatranae accedunt tabulae 4. CG van der Post, Amsterdam, pp 72-95.

Planchon JE (1887) Monographie des Ampélidées vrais. In: Candolle D, Casimir AE (ed). Monographiae phanaerogamarum, 5th vol. Sumptibus G Mason, Paris, pp 305–654.

Ren H, Pan KY, Chen ZD, Wang RQ (2003) Structural characthers of leaf epidermis and their systemic significance in Vitaceae. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 41(6):531-544.

Roos MC, Keβler PJA, Gradstein R, Baas P (2004) Species diversity and endemism of five major Malesian island; diversity-area relationship. J Biogeogr 31:1983-1908.

Tomlinson PB (1965) Stomatal structure in Pandanaceae. Pac Sci 19:38-54.

Wen J (2007) Vitaceae. In: Kubitzki K (ed) The families and genera of vascular plants, 9th vol. Springer, Germany, pp 467-479.

Wen J, Lu LM, Boggan JK (2013a). Diversity and evolution of Vitaceae in the Philippines. Phillip J Sci 142:223-244.

Wen J, Kiapranis R, Lovave M (2013b) Ampelocissus asekii, a new species of Vitaceae from Papua New Guinea. Phytokeys 21:1–6.

Yeo CK, Ang WF, Lok AFSL, Ong KH. (2013) The conservation status of Ampelocissus Planch. (Vitaceae) of Singapore, with a special note on Ampelocissus ascendiflora Latiff. Nat Sing 6:45–53.