PENGARUH MEDIA DASAR DAN NAA PADA INDUKSI IN VITRO AKAR TUNAS KELAPA SAWIT (Elaeis guineensis)

. Karyanti, Mutia Afifah, Tati Sukarnih, Yayan Rudiyana

Abstract


The Effect of Basal Media and NAA on the In Vitro Induction of Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) Root

ABSTRACT

Clonal propagation of oil palm plants using tissue culture technique results in a low percentage of rooted shoots. To increase the percentage of rooted shoots that are more uniform, the root induction method is supported by the use of basic media and the addition of growth regulators 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). This study aims to analyze the effect of a combination of base media and optimum NAA concentration in inducing the roots of oil palm shoots in vitro. This research used factorial completely randomized design (RAL) consisting of 2 factors. The first factor was the type of basic media, namely Murashige and Skoog (MS) and MS Modifications (MSM) media. The second factor was the concentration of NAA, namely 0; 0.05; 0.1; and 0.2 ppm. each treatment was repeated 10 times. The results showed that the use of MSM medium was better than that of MS, and the most optimum NAA concentration was 0.05 and 0.1 ppm, in inducing oil palm roots in vitro. In addition, the combination of MSM + NAA 0.1 ppm treatment produced the most optimum result in induction of oil palm roots in vitro.

Keywords: basal media; NAA; palm oil; plantlet; root induction


ABSTRAK

Perbanyakan klonal tanaman kelapa sawit menggunakan teknik kultur jaringan menghasilkan persentase tunas berakar yang rendah. Dalam upaya meningkatkan persentase tunas berakar yang lebih seragam maka dilakukan metode induksi akar yang didukung oleh penggunaan media dasar dan penambahan zat pengatur tumbuh 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh kombinasi media dasar dan konsentrasi NAA yang optimum dalam menginduksi akar tunas kelapa sawit secara in vitro. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) faktorial yang terdiri dari 2 faktor. Faktor pertama adalah jenis media dasar yang terdiri dari media Murashige and Skoog (MS) dan MS Modifikasi (MSM). Faktor kedua adalah konsentrasi NAA yang terdiri dari 0; 0,05; 0,1; dan 0,2 ppm. setiap perlakuan diulang sebanyak 10 kali. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan media MSM lebih baik daripada MS, dan konsentrasi NAA yang paling optimum adalah 0,05 dan 0, 1 ppm dalam menginduksi akar kelapa sawit secara in vitro. Selain itu kombinasi perlakuan MSM+NAA 0,1 ppm memiliki hasil yang paling optimum dalam induksi akar kelapa sawit secara in vitro.


Keywords


induksi akar; kelapa sawit; media dasar; NAA; planlet

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29122/jbbi.v6i2.3476

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