PENICILLIN PRODUCTION BY MUTANT OF Penicillium chrysogenum

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Dudi Hardianto
Suyanto .
Erwahyuni Endang Prabandari
Lira Windriawati
Edy Marwanta
Tarwadi .

Abstract

Penisilin adalah antibiotika yang pertama kali ditemukan dan digunakan untuk pengobatan infeksi bakteri. Sejak ditemukan penisilin sebagai antibiotika oleh Alexander Fleming pada tahun 1928, banyak usaha dilakukan untuk meningkatkan produktivitas Penicillium chrysogenum. Pemuliaan galur untuk meningkatkan produksi penisilin dapat menggunakan mutasi acak secara fisika dan kimia. Pada penelitian ini, radiasi sinar ultraviolet digunakan untuk mendapatkan mutan P. chrysogenum. Produksi penisilin ditentukan menggunakan HPLC dan produktivitas mutan dibandingkan dengan induk P. chrysogenum. Mutan M12 menghasilkan penisilin 1,23 kali lebih banyak dibandingkan dengan induk P. chrysogenum.

Kata kunci: Penisilin, Penicillium chrysogenum, ultraviolet, mutan, radiasi

 

ABSTRACT

Penicillin is the first antibiotic discovered and used for treatment of bacterial infections. Since the discovery of penicillin as antibiotic by Alexander Fleming in 1928, much effort has been invested to improve productivity of Penicillium chrysogenum. Strain improvement to increase the penicillin production can be carried out by physical and chemical random mutation. In this research, ultraviolet irradiation was used to obtain P. chrysogenum mutant. Penicillin production was determined by using HPLC and productivity of P. chrysogenum mutants was compared to the wild type. Mutant M12 produced 1.23 fold higher penicillin than the wild type did.

Keywords: Penicillin, Penicillium chrysogenum, ultraviolet, mutant, radiation

Article Details

How to Cite
Hardianto, D., ., S., Prabandari, E. E., Windriawati, L., Marwanta, E., & ., T. (2016). PENICILLIN PRODUCTION BY MUTANT OF Penicillium chrysogenum. Jurnal Bioteknologi & Biosains Indonesia (JBBI), 2(1), 15-19. https://doi.org/10.29122/jbbi.v2i1.530
Section
Research Articles

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