PENENTUAN KOMBINASI MEDIUM TERBAIK GALAKTOSA DAN SUMBER NITROGEN PADA PROSES PRODUKSI ETANOL

Rofiq Sunaryanto, Berti Hariasih Handayani

Abstract


Ethanol is an important product for biotechnology-based industries. Ethanol can be produced from various raw materials and some types of microbes. Determination of the best combination of galactose with nitrogen sources on ethanol production using Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been done. Combination of galactose at the concentration of 3 g/L and 20 g/L with nitrogen sources (casein, peptone, and urea, each at the concentration of 10g/L) was used to obtain the best composition of fermentation medium. Fermentation was carried out for 60 hours at 30°C, 250 rpm, and working volume of 50 mL in a 250 mL erlenmeyer. The results showed that the galactose concentration of 20 g/L was able to improve the productivity of ethanol and the growth of S. cerevisiae cells. The combination of 20g/L galactose and 10 g/L casein produced the highest ethanol concentration (6% v/v), whereas 20 g/L galactose-10 g/L peptone and 20 g/L galactose-10 g/L urea combinations produced 2.5% and 0.58% (v/v) ethanol, respectively. The use of 3 g/L galactose mixed with several nitrogen sources produced ethanol below 0.7% (v/v). 

Keywords: Ethanol, galactose, peptone, casein, Saccharomyces cerevisiae


ABSTRAK

Etanol merupakan salah satu produk penting bagi industri yang berbasis bioteknologi. Etanol dapat dihasilkan dari berbagai macam bahan baku dan beberapa jenis mikroba. Penentuan kombinasi terbaik antara galaktosa dengan sumber nitrogen pada produksi etanol menggunakan Saccharomyces cerevisiae telah dilakukan. Konsentrasi galaktosa 3 g/L dan galaktosa 20 g/L yang dikombinasikan dengan sumber nitrogen dengan konsentrasi 10 g/L dalam hal ini kasein, pepton, dan urea digunakan sebagai perlakuan untuk mendapatkan kombinasi medium sumber karbon dan sumber nitrogen terbaik. Fermentasi untuk menghasilkan etanol dilakukan selama 60 jam pada suhu 30°C, agitasi 250 rpm dengan volume kerja 50 mL dalam erlenmeyer 250 mL. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan penambahan galaktosa dengan konsentrasi sampai dengan 20 g/L mampu memperbaiki produktivitas etanol dan pertumbuhan sel S. cerevisiae. Konsentrasi 20 g/L galaktosa dengan 10 g/L kasein menghasilkan produktivitas etanol paling tinggi yaitu 6%(v/v), konsentrasi galaktosa 20 g/L dengan 10 g/L pepton menghasilkan 2,5% (v/v) etanol dan konsentrasi galaktosa 20 g/L dengan 10 g/L urea menghasilkan 0,58%(v/v) etanol. Penggunaan konsentrasi galaktosa 3 g/L yang dikombinasikan dengan beberapa jenis sumber nitrogen menghasilkan etanol dibawah 0,7% (v/v).

Kata kunci: Etanol, galaktosa, pepton, kasein, Saccharomyces cerevisiae

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29122/jbbi.v2i1.531

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