IDENTIFIKASI KEKERINGAN HIDROLOGI DI DAS CITARUM HULU
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Keywords

Kekeringan Hidrologi
Volume Defisit
FDC
Curah Hujan
Durasi

Abstract

Intisari
 
DAS Citarum Hulu merupakan salah satu subdas yang paling berpengaruh di DAS Citarum dengan Waduk Sagulingnya. Besarnya debit yang masuk ke waduk menjadi sangat penting demi keberlangsungan kinerja waduk tersebut, misalnya untuk pembangkit listrik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik kekeringan hidrologi, relasinya dengan curah hujan, dan analisis frekuensi kejadian kekeringan hidrologi di DAS Citarum Hulu. Data dari pos duga air Nanjung digunakan dalam menentukan ambang batas kekeringan hidrologi yang kemudian diperoleh karakteristik kekeringan hidrologi. Hasil menunjukan bahwa rata-rata periode kekeringan di DAS Citarum Hulu terjadi mulai dari bulan Juni hingga Oktober. Terdapat keterlambatan antara waktu curah hujan turun dan waktu ketika debit naik akibat input dari curah hujan. Hasil analisis frekuensi menunjukan bahwa kekeringan maksimum yang terjadi pada tahun 1994 memiliki periode ulang 52 tahun dan kekeringan sering terjadi dengan durasi kurang dari 20 hari.
 

Abstract
 
Citarum Hulu is one of the most influential Citarum sub-basin with the Saguling Reservoir. The amount of discharge into the reservoir is very important for the sustainability of the reservoir's performance for power plants in example. This study aims to determine the characteristics of hydrological drought, its relationship with precipitation, and frequency analysis of hydrological drought occurrence in Citarum Hulu. Data from Nanjung post are used in determining the threshold of hydrological drought which then acquired the characteristics of hydrological drought. The results showed that the average period of drought in Citarum Hulu occurred from June to October. There is a lag between the time when rainfall drops and the time when the discharge rise due to the input of rainfall. Frequency analysis results showed that the maximum drought that occurred in 1994 had a 52-year return period and drought often occurs with a duration of less than 20 days.

https://doi.org/10.29122/jstmc.v16i1.2635
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