Struktur Komunitas Makrozoobentos di Situ Gintung, Situ Bungur Dan Situ Kuru, Ciputat Timur

Alfan Farhan Rijaluddin, Fahma Wijayanti, Joni Haryadi

Abstract


Makrozoobentos adalah biota yang hidup di dalam substrat maupun menempel di permukaan dasar perairan. Makrozoobentos memiliki peran penting dalam eksositem akuatik, yaitu sebagai sumber makanan biota perairan dan sebagai detritus. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui keanekaragaman makrozoobentos di Situ Gintung, Situ Bungur dan Situ Kuru. Titik pengambilan sampel terdiri dari 5 stasiun dengan masing-masing 3 ulangan. Faktor fisik kimia makrozoobentos diuji dengan t-test. Hasil t-test menunjukkan di Situ Gintung dan Situ Bungur hanya nilai pH yang berbeda (p<0,01), sedangkan Situ Kuru memiliki kondisi fisik kimia yang berbeda dengan Situ Gintung dan Situ Bungur (p<0,01). Makrozoobentos yang ditemukan di ketiga lokasi pengamatan seluruhnya terdiri dari 10 famili dan 16 jenis. Makrozoobentos dari jenis P. canaliculata terlihat mendominasi pada lokasi Situ Gintung. Sedangkan pada lokasi Situ Kuru jenis T. tubifex ditemukan lebih mendominasi. Nilai indeks keanekaragaman (H’) di Situ Gintung (1,74) dan Situ Bungur (2,29) yang tergolong sedang, mengindikasikan kedua perairan tercemar sedang. Sedangkan nilai indeks keanekaragaman Situ Kuru (0,92) yang rendah, mengindikasikan perairan tersebut tercemar berat.

Kata kunci : keanekaragaman, makrozoobentos, Situ Gintung, Situ Bungur, Situ Kuru


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29122/jtl.v18i2.1613

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.29122/jtl.v18i2.1613.g1880

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