Model Analisis Risiko Bencana Transportasi Bahan Beracun dan Berbahaya Industri di Kabupaten Serang, Provinsi Banten

Prihartanto Prihartanto, Akhmadi Puguh Raharjo, Qoriatu Zahro

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Pulo Ampel Industrial Zone in Serang Regency is an industrial zone with a high level of threat from a technological hazard. One possible route this threat can be manifested is in the form of explosion potential from the storage and transport tanks of toxic and dangerous materials e.g. Ethylene and Butadiene gases. Within the framework of disaster risk reduction, disaster risk analysis is carried out which includes the analysis of threats and vulnerabilities along the path of transport of these hazardous materials. To determine the level of explosion hazard, due to the occurrence of transportation accidents, modeling using ALOHA® (Areal Locations of Hazardous Atmospheres) software, which was developed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA), was carried out. The model used in this study was the BLEVEs (Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosions) scenario during gas transportation using ISO Tank, which represents the worse possible scenario. Meanwhile, disaster vulnerability analysis is calculated based on social vulnerability aspect which includes population density and vulnerable group parameters by utilizing the scoring method in accordance to Head of BNPB Decree No.2 of 2012. Based on the hazard and vulnerability level, disaster risk maps are obtained along the Ethylene and Butadiene transport lines covering the information related to the area of the explosion which intersected with population settlement in Serang Regency, Banten Province.

Keywords: risk reduction, trasportation, hazardous materials, vulnerabilities, explotion

ABSTRAK

Zona Industri Pulo Ampel di Kabupaten Serang merupakan zona industri dengan ancaman bencana kegagalan teknologi yang relatif tinggi. Ancaman bahaya yang dapat ditimbulkan diantaranya berupa potensi ledakan dari tangki-tangki penyimpanan maupun tangki transportasi bahan  berbahaya dan beracun (B3) terutama gas Etilena maupun Butadiena. Dalam rangka pengurangan risiko bencana, maka dilakukanlah analisis risiko bencana terhadap tangki transportasi B3 yang meliputi analisis ancaman dan kerentanan di sepanjang jalur transportasi B3 tersebut. Untuk menentukan salah satu tingkat bahaya yang berupa ledakan akibat kecelakaan transportasi gas dilakukanlah pemodelan dengan menggunakan perangkat lunak modeling ALOHA® (Areal Locations Of Hazardous Atmospheres) yang dikembangkan oleh United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). Model yang digunakan di dalam kajian ini menggunakan skenario ledakan terburuk berupa skenario BLEVEs (Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosions) pada saat transportasi gas menggunakan ISO Tank. Sementara analisis kerentanan bencana dihitung berdasarkan aspek kerentanan sosial yang meliputi parameter kepadatan penduduk dan kelompok rentan dengan menggunakan metode skoring sesuai Perka BNPB No. 2 Tahun 2012. Berdasarkan tingkat bahaya dan kerentanan tersebut diperolehlah peta risiko bencana di sepanjang jalur transportasi gas Etilena dan Butadiena yang meliputi informasi terkait luas area permukiman penduduk terdampak ledakan di Kabupaten Serang, Provinsi Banten.

Kata kunci: pengurangan risiko, transportasi, bahan beracun dan berbahaya, kerentanan, ledakan


Full Text:

PDF

References


United Nation International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, (2009), UNISDR Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction, Published by UNISDR, Geneve, Switzerland.

Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana, (2008), Peraturan Kepala Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana No. 4 Tahun 2008 tentang Pedoman Penyusunan Rencana Penanggulangan Bencana.

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societis, Technological hazards - industrial accidents, Available from http://www.ifrc.org/en/whatwedo/disasterma nagement/aboutdisasters/definitionofhazard/ industrial-accidents/

Krejsa, P., (1997), International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, IDNDR Early Warning Programe, Report on Early Warning for Technological Hazards. Austrian research Centre Seibersdorf, IDNDR Secrertariat, United Nation, Geneva.

McClain, S., (2018), Words into Action Guidelines, Man-made and Technological Hazards, Practical considerations for Addressing Man-made and Technological Hazards in Disaster Risk Reduction, UNSIDR.

Baheramsyah, A., Pitana, T., Widodo, A., Widyastuti, T. D., (2013), Studi Awal Pemetaan Risiko Bencana Industri Di Indonesia, PSKBPI-ITS, Seminar Nasional Riset Kebencanaan, 8-10 Oktober 2013, Mataram.

BPBD Kabupaten Serang, (2017), Master Plan dan Action Plan Kebencanaan Kabupaten Serang.

Prihartanto, Wisyanto, C., Putra, A. P, Prawiradisastra, F., Yuilana, D. K., Patrianto, H., Sittadewi, E. H., Raharjo, A. P., Rahayu, B., Marwanta, B., Rovara, O., Riyandari, R., Astuty, T dan Tedjakusuma, (2013), Rekomendasi untuk Pengurangan risiko Bencana Kegagalan Teknologi Kawasan Industri Kota Cilegon, PTRRB-BPPT.

Casal, J., (2017), Evaluation of the Effects and Consequences of Major Accidents in Industrial Plants. 2nd Edition. Technology & Engineering, Elsevier, 570pp.

Vı´lchez ,J.A., Sevilla, S., Montiel, H., Casal, J., (1995), Historical analysis of accidents in chemical plants and in the transportation of hazardous materials, Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries. 8(2): 87-96.

A. Oggero, R.M. Darbra, M. Mun˜oz, E. Planas, J. Casal, (2006), A survey of accidents occurring during the transport of hazardous substances by road and rail, Journal of Hazardous Materials. 133(1-3): 1-7.

Amri, R. M., Yulianti, G., Yunus, R. Wiguna, S., Adi, A. W., Ichwana, A. N., Randongkir, R. E., Septian, R. T., (2016), Risiko Bencana Indonesia, Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana, Dir. Pengurangan Risiko Bencana, BNPB

Marsden, E., (2017), Consequence modelling: overview of hazards , Available from https://risk-engineering.org/static/PDF/ slides-conseq-hazards.pdf, (viewed Mei 1, 2018).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29122/jtl.v20i1.2940

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.