Perbandingan Penggunaan Panel Surya dan Turbin Angin dalam Implementasi Energi Baru Terbarukan (EBT) di Lingkungan Universitas Pertamina

Main Article Content

Afri Ansyah
Riestiya Zain Fadillah
Adhytia Ihza Mahendra
Muhamad Benando Pangestu
Ahmad Fauzan Rahman
Alzahid Muhasabah
Meredita Susanty
Erwin Setiawan

Abstract

ABSTRACT


Solar panel and small wind turbines in urban areas is an alternative solution for energy availability and security in Indonesia. However, its implementation in urban areas is still facing some challenges due to the presence of other buildings, which are a barrier to get the optimum sources. It is necessary to find the most optimal implementation. The determinant parameters are economic feasibility, maintenance costs, and carbon emissions reduced from the implementation of each type of new and renewable energy (NRE). The analysis in this study employ the literature study and quantitative analysis methods. In this research, the NRE installation in Pertamina University Building is a sample representing office buildings in an urban area located in the tropical region. The results show that solar panels have a higher level of efficiency and effectiveness than wind turbines because of the frequency of failure in wind turbines.


Keywords: Wind Turbine, Solar Panel, New and Renewable Energy, Effectiveness, Efficiency


ABSTRAK


Instalasi panel surya dan turbin angin skala kecil di area perkotaan bisa menjadi salah satu solusi alternatif untuk mendukung ketersediaan dan ketahanan energi nasional. Dalam penerapannya di area perkotaan berbagai sumber EBT memiliki tantangan tersendiri seperti keberadaan bangunan lain yang menjadi penghalang pembangkit mendapatkan sumber energi maksimal, sehingga perlu dilakukan perbandingan dan analisis implementasi yang paling optimal untuk diterapkan. Parameter yang digunakan sebagai penentu adalah economic feasibility, biaya perawatan dan emisi karbon yang dikurangi dengan penggunaan EBT. Analisis dilakukan dengan metode studi literatur dan analisis kuantitatif. Dalam penelitian ini instalasi EBT di Gedung Universitas Pertamina menjadi sample yang mewakili bangunan perkantoran di area perkotaan daerah tropis. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa panel surya memiliki tingkat efisiensi dan efektivitas yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan turbin angin yang disebabkan frekuensi kerusakan pada pembangkit listrik bertenaga angin.


Kata kunci: Turbin Angin, Panel Surya, Energi Baru Terbarukan, Efektivitas, Efisiensi

Article Details

Section
RESEARCH ARTICLES

References

Sekretaris Jenderal Dewan Energi Nasional. (2016). Outlook Energi indonesia 2016.

Primadhyta, S. (2018). Terjerat di Lingkaran Setan Proyek Energi Terbarukan. Retrieved from

https://www.cnnindonesia.com/ekonomi/20180125115623-85-271472/terjerat-di-lingkaran-setan-proyek-energi-terbarukan [1 Juni 2020]

Geem, Z. W., Kim, J. H. (2016). Optimal energy mix with renewable portfolio standards in Korea. Sustain, 8(5), 1–14.

Shmelev, S. E., Van Den Bergh, J. C. J. M. (2016). Optimal diversity of renewable energy alternatives under multiple criteria: An application to the UK. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 60, 679–691.

Dang, M. (2013). Potential of Solar Energy in Tropics. International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 5(7), 1413–1418.

Zakiah, N. (2019). 7 Alasan Indonesia Tak Gunakan Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Surya. Retrieved from https://kaltim.idntimes.com/tech/trend/nena-zakiah-1/alasan-indonesia-tidak-menggunakan-pembangkit-listrik-tenaga-surya-sebagai-sumber-energi-utama-regional-kaltim/7 [1 Juni 2020]

Satwika, N. A., Hantoro, R., Septyaningrum, E. , Mahmashani, A. W. (2019). Analysis of wind energy potential and wind energy development to evaluate performance of wind turbine installation in Bali, Indonesia. Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences, 13(1), 4461–4476.

Sea, P. (2019). Harnessing Indonesia’s Solar Potential: Yellow is The New Black – IESR. Retrieved from http://iesr.or.id/harnessing-indonesias-solar-potential-yellow-is-the-new-black/ [1 Juni 2020]

Erinofiardi, Gokhale, P., Date, A., Akbarzadeh, A., Bismantolo, P., Suryono, A., Mainil, A., Nuramal, A. (2017). A Review on Micro Hydropower in Indonesia. Energy Procedia, 110, 316–321.

Ogbomo, O. O., Amalu, E. H., Ekere, N. N., Olagbegi, P. O. (2017). A review of photovoltaic module technologies for increased performance in tropical climate, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 75, 1225-1238.

Schweiger, M., Herrmann, W., Gerber, A., Rau, U. (2017). Understanding the energy yield of photovoltaic modules in different climates by linear performance loss analysis of the module performance ratio. IET Renewable Power Generation, 11(5), 558–565.

Dierauf, T., Growitz, A., Kurtz, S., Cruz, J. L. B., Riley, E., Hansen, C. (2013). Weather-Corrected Performance Ratio. National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

Lobaccaro, G., Frontini, F. (2014). Solar energy in urban environment?: how urban densification affects existing buildings. Energy Procedia, 48(1876), 1559–1569.

Roothaan, S., Williams, C., Guerrero, S., Acioli, P. (2012). Optimization of Small Scale Wind Turbine in Urban Areas. Paper Presented at 2012 Society for Advancement of Hispanics/Chicanos and Native Americans in Science National Conference.

Grauthoff, M. (1991). Utilization of wind energy in urban areas - Chance or utopian dream? . Energy and Buildinf, 16(1–2), 517–523.

Lu, L., Ip, K. Y. (2009). Investigation on the feasibility and enhancement methods of wind power utilization in high-rise buildings of Hong Kong. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13(2), 450–461.

Bahaj, A. S., Myers, L., James, P. A. B. (2007). Urban energy generation: Influence of micro-wind turbine output on electricity consumption in buildings. Energy and Buildings, 39(2), 154–165.

Budi, K, (2018). Perguruan Tinggi Diajak Kembangkan Renewal Energy. Retrieved from https://edukasi.kompas.com/read/2018/02/02/15000031/perguruan-tinggi-diajak-kembangkan-renewal-energy [17 Mei 2019]

The International Renewable Energy Agency. (2016). Cities, towns & renewable energy: Yes in my front yard.

Portal Resmi Provinsi DKI Jakarta. (2008). Geografis Jakarta | Portal Resmi Pemerintah Provinsi DKI Jakarta. Retrieved from https://jakarta.go.id/artikel/konten/55/geografis-jakarta [1 Juni 2020]

Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Administrasi Jakarta Selatan. (2020). Kota Administrasi Jakarta Selatan Dalam Angka 2020.

A-Wing International. (Tuesday, 2 Jun 2020). AWI-E1000T - A-Wing International Small Wind Turbines. Retrieved from http://www.awing-i.com/english/1kW_wind_turbine.html#

Azet Surya Lestari. (Friday, 17 May 2019). Monocrystal ASL M5-200 V2016.05.08, Retrieved from http://www.azetsurya.id/page-prod-modulsurya-detail.php#

Vivint Solar Learning Center. (Wednesday, 3 Jun 2020). How to Calculate Solar Panel Output. Retrieved from https://www.vivintsolar.com/learning-center/how-calculate-solar-panel-output

Kummer, J. (Tuesday, 2 Jun 2020). Wind Turbine Power Calculator. Retrieved from https://rechneronline.de/wind-power/

Kummer, J. (Tuesday, 2 Jun 2020). Air density calculator. Retrieved from https://rechneronline.de/barometer/luftdichte.php

Carbon Fund. (Thursday, 16 May 2019). How We Calculate. Retrieved from https://carbonfund.org/how-we-calculate/

U.S. Energy Information Administration. (Thursday, 16 May 2019). How much carbon dioxide is produced when different fuels are burned?. Retrieved from https://www.eia.gov/tools/faqs/faq.php?id=73&t=11

Fogler, H. S., Steven, E. L., Rizzo, B. (2013). Strategies for Creative Problem Solving 3rd Edition: Prentice Hall.

El-Ali, A., Moubayed, N., Outbib, R. (2007). Comparison between solar and wind energy in Lebanon. Paper Presented 9th International Conference on Electrical Power Quality and Utilisation.

Badan Meteorologi Klimatologi dan Geofisika. (Tuesday, 2 Jun 2020). DATA ONLINE - PUSAT DATABASE – BMKG. Retrieved from http://dataonline.bmkg.go.id/data_iklim

Sutianto, F. B. (2016). Awet 25 Tahun, Panel Surya Tak Perlu Ongkos Perawatan. Retrieved from https://finance.detik.com/energi/d-3132787/awet-25-tahun-panel-surya-tak-perlu-ongkos-perawatan [17 Mei 2019]

Rivaldhi, Y., Nasirudin, A. (2012). Analisa Teknis dan Ekonomis Pemasangan Wind Turbine Sebagai Penghasil daya untuk Sistem Penerangan Pada Kapal Tanker 6500 DWT. Retrieved from http://digilib.its.ac.id/public/ITS-paper-19897-4107100066-Paper.pdf [17 Mei 2019]

Vibrasindo, (Friday, 17 May 2019). Perawatan Secara Rutin Meminimalisir Getaran Pada Turbin. Retrieved from http://www.vibrasindo.com/blogvibrasi/detail/130/perawatan-secara-rutin-meminimalisir-getaran-pada-turbin

Milborrow, D., (2010). Breaking down the cost of wind turbine maintenance | Windpower Monthly. Retrieved from https://www.windpowermonthly.com/article/1010136/breaking-down-cost-wind-turbine-maintenance [17 Mei 2019]

Zuhri, S. (2018). Inilah Kondisi Kelistrikan di Indonesia Saat Ini - Ekonomi Bisnis.com. Retrieved from https://ekonomi.bisnis.com/read/20180130/44/731989/inilah-kondisi-kelistrikan-di-indonesia-saat-ini- [17 Mei 2019]

Direktorat Jenderal Ketenagalistrikan Kementrian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral. (2017), Statistik Ketenagalistrikan 2017.

U.S. Energy Information Administration. (2016). Carbon Dioxide Emissions Coeffients. Retrieved from https://www.eia.gov/environment/emissions/co2_vol_mass.php [17 Mei 2019]

Redlitz, H. (2016). The Pros And Cons Of Wind And Solar Energy. Retrieved from https://greenfuture.io/solar/wind-vs-solar-energy/ [17 Mei 2019]

Wahyuni, S. (Friday, 17 May 2019) Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Angin. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/7806434/I._PEMBANGKIT_LISTRIK_TENAGA_ANGIN

Sasongko, F. (2009). Dampak Lingkungan Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Angin | Konversi ITB,” 2009. Retrieved from https://konversi.wordpress.com/2009/03/01/dampak-lingkungan-pembangkit-listrik-tenaga-angin/ [17 Mei 2019]

Oey, I. K. W. (2016). Dampak Negatif Panel Surya Terhadap Lingkungan. Retrieved from http://perceptionistheasnwer.blogspot.com/2016/12/dampak-negatif-panel-surya-terhadap.html