PELESTARIAN HUTAN MANGROVE MELALUI PENDEKATAN MINA HUTAN (SILVOFISHERY)

Kusno Wibowo

Abstract


Indonesia contains about one-third of the world’s total mangroves areas,
but experts say more than half of the country’s mangrove forest have
been destroyed since the 1940s. The main sustainable alternatives to
coastal aquaculture pond development within or associated with
mangrove are silvofisheries and mariculture. Silvofishery is a form of
integrated mangrove tree culture with brackish water aquaculture. This
integrated approach to conservation and utilization of the mangrove
resource allows for maintaining a relatively high level of integrity in the
mangrove area while capitalizing on the economic benefits of brackish
water aquaculture. Traditional models of silvofishery is the Empang Parit
model, which is sometimes reffered to as Tambak Tumpangsari, was
developed in Indonesia, tracing its roots back perhaps over a thousand
years. The modern version of Empang Parit is today being promoted by
the Indonesian Ministry of Foretry and the Directorate General of
Fisheries. Silvofisheries have been successfully developed in Indonesia
such as in Sinjai (Sulawesi), Cikeong (West Java), Pemalang (Central
Java), and Bali.


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