BIOGAS SEBAGAI ENERGI ALTERNATIF ANTARA MITOS dan FAKTA ILMIAH

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Djoko Padmono

Abstract

In the year of seventienth where the energy crisis struck the world, the
competing person looked for the alternative to energy change the source
of conventional energy (petroleum). One of the topics that it was hoped
became alternative was BIOGAS from the process of the anaerobic
fermentation of organic matter either agricultural or food industrial waste.
Several parameters were studied to prove that anaerobic fermentation
of the solid organic matter could become the BIOGAS as alternative
energy replaced petroleum. Currently these all ideas were remains at
the myth completely.
The reality from investigation of the technology degradation process /
digestion of the organic matter by making use of this anaerobic
fermentation system was only could be used as one of the waste
treatment as the solving problem of pollution of the environment, with
results of taking the form of BIOGAS that could be made use of as
substitution energy for the waste treatment it self. In other words
anaerobic fermentation technology of the solid waste was one of the
solid waste treatments with minimal energy. Energy that was needed for
waste treatment process will be produced from himself to substitute
energy that was used from the network of the public (PLN). So as to be
hoped energy that usually is taken from the national net (PLN) for the
processing of waste could be reduced, and was subtituted with energy
biogas that was produced by him.

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RESEARCH ARTICLES