PENGHITUNGAN EMISI GAS RUMAH KACA (GRK) DARI SEKTOR SAMPAH PERKOTAAN DI INDONESIA

wahyu purwanta

Abstrak


Indonesia produced 48.8 Mt/year of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) with population number of 218.8 million and rate of waste generation 0.61 kg/cap/day. Most of MSW (40%) are transported to the Solid Waste Disposal Site (TPA) in urban area. The landfill site which is unmanaged will become a source of the GHGs emission, mainly the methane emission. Based on the Indonesian population, using FOD IPCC Tier-2 method, CH4 generated from MSW sector (landfill only) in 2006 is 109.96 Gg CH4 and will be increased up to 259 Gg in 2010, 504 Gg in 2015 and 1,065 Gg in 2025. The increase number of this CH4 emission is caused by the increase of population number that will increase the waste production and also increase the volume waste that is collected in the disposal area. The future scenario by referring to the national strategic plan which is developed by the Public Work Department is that the waste should be reduced from the source, so the total volume will be reduced by 20% in 2010. In 2015, refers to the MDGs target, 80% of the MSW in urban area and 50% of the MSW in rural area should be transported to the final disposal site. As stated in Solid Waste Management Act No 18/2008 and in accordance with the raw water protection, improvement of landfill quality from open dumping to sanitary landfill or controlled landfill and development of regional landfill are the priority programs with national financial support as an initial investment.


Referensi



Teks Lengkap: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.