Analisa Gaya Penekanan pada Proses ECAP Batang Kuningan CuZn 70/30

Suryadi -, Amin Suhadi, Dedi Priadi, E. S. Siradj

Abstract


Telah dilakukan percobaan severe plastic deformation (SPD) dengan metodeequal channel angular pressing (ECAP) pada batang kuningan CuZn 70/30 diameter 10 mm sampai 5 pas. Gaya penekanan meningkat secara signifikan pada awal langkah penekanan dan mencapai nilai maksimum lalu melandai. Pada pas pertama gaya penekanan mencapai 115 kN, pas kedua 130 kN, pas ketiga mecapai 150 kN dan pada pas keempat 165 kN. Dari pengukuran luas area di bawah kurva gaya penekanan diperoleh energi total pembentukan pada proses ECAP batang kuningan persatuan panjang adalah 95 Joule/mm pada pas pertama, sampai 130 Joule/mm pada pas ketiga, dan turun 125 Juole/mm pada pas keempat. Secara kumulatif total energi persatuan panjang meningkat secara linier sesuai dengan peningkatan jumpah pas, dimana pada pas keempat mencapai 597 MPa. Peningkatan gaya penekanan dan energi penekanan sebanding dengan terjadinya peningkatan kekerasan pada batang kuningan dan terjadinya penghalusan butir.

Kata kunci: ECAP, gaya penekanan, energi pembentukan, kekerasan, penghalusan butir, kuningan.

Abstract

Experiments of severe plastic deformation (SPD) have been carried out by the method of equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) on brass rods CuZn 70/30 diameter 10 mm to 5 pas. Pressing force significantly is increased emphasis on early steps and reaches a maximum value and then ramp. At the first pas the pressing force reached 115 kN, the second pass 130 kN, the third pass 150 kN and fouth pass is 165. From measurements of the area under the curve of pressing force, the total forming energy per unit length generated to form the brass rod in ECAP is 95 Joule / mm at the first pass, 130 Joules / mm at third pass and down to 125 Joule/mm at fouth pass. Cumulatively, the total forming energy per unit length increases linearly according to the increase in number of ECAP pass, where the fourth pass reach 597 Joule/mm. Increased emphasis pressing load and forming energy is proportional to the increase in hardness of the brass rod and the grain refinement.

Keywords: ECAP, pressing load, forming energy, hardness, grain refinement, Brass


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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.29122/mipi.v8i1.3646

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.29122/mipi.v8i1.3646.g3043

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