Chelation and Metal-Ion Complex Formation of Chitosan Treated Cotton

Authors

  • Sudirman Habibie Pusat Teknologi Industri Proses - BPPT

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29122/mipi.v8i3.3652

Abstract

Chitin dan chitosan adalah bahan “chelate†yang sangat kuat untuk ion transisi logam terutama tembaga, nikel dan merkuri, dan sifat-sifat ini yang akan intensif di bahas. Pada studi ini kain kapas (cotton) dikerjakan dengan larutan chitosan-asam polikarboksilat untuk memperoleh kain kapas-chitosan yang mengandung gugus group karboksilat (-COOH) dan gugus amina (-NH2) fungsional. Penggunaan asam polykarboksilat (asam sitrat dan maleik) pada pelarutan chitosan menghasilkan group karboksil 0,5 meqs/g pada kain yang dicelup dengan larutan chitosan asam karboksilat. Kemudian kain kapas yang telah mengandung gugus karboksilat dan gugus amina ini dicelupkan pada larutan garam logam (garam tembaga dan seng). Terbukti bahwa larutan garam tembaga (copper) memberikan warna biru pada kain, hal ini mengindikasikan telah terjadi reaksi kompleks atau “Chelateâ€. Implikasi dari hasil ini maka diperkirakan kandungan group karboksil dan amina ini akan mempengaruhi pada pencelupan kain, namun hal ini tidak diuji.

Kata kunci : Chitosan, Kain Kapas, Chelate, Asam asetat, Asam citrate, Asam maleik, Tembaga sulphate, Tembaga acetate.

Abstract

Chitin and chitosan are powerfull chelating agents for transition metal ions, particularly copper, nickel and mercury, and these properties have been extensively reviewed. In this study, cotton fabric has been treated with chitosan- polycarboxylic acid solution to form chitosan treated cotton fabric containing carboxyl (-COOH) and amine (-NH2) functional groups. The use of polycarboxylic acids (citric and maleic acids) to dissolve chitosan has given carboxyl groups 0.5 meqs/g into chitosan treated cotton fabrics. Instead, the complexing of the treated cotton samples with copper and zinc salts was examined. The copper salt solutions gave blue fabrics confirming easily that complexing or chelation had occurred. There are implications for dyeing cotton making use of these groups but this was not investigated.

Keyword : Chitosan, Cotton fabric, Chelation, Acetic acid, Citric acid, Maleic acid, Copper (II) sulphate, Copper (II) acetate.

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Published

2019-07-31