APPLICATION OF INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL SYSTEM FOR BIOGAS POWER GENERATION COMMISSIONING AT PTPN V KAMPAR PALM OIL MILL
Biogas Power Plant (PLT) from palm oil mill effluent had been commissioned by a team from the Center of Technology for the Energy Resources and Chemical Industry, Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (PTSEIK-BPPT). The biogas power plant is located in PTPN V Kampar, Riau Province. A PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) has been implemented to support the operation of biogas power plant. Proper sensor selection has been done for each measurement applications. A computer and mimic panel is used as an interface for the operation of PLC. The master control system communicates with the slave control systems and Human Machine Interface (HMI) by means of ethernet communication protocol. Commissioning phase is carried out for 2 hours with a load of 450 kW. Instrumentation and control system is able to measure important variables such as fluctuation in methane numbers, pressures, and biogas flow rate to check the suitability of biogas supply in accordance to gas engine specification.
Kementerian Pertanian, Outlook Komoditas Pertanian Subsektor Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit, Pusat Data dan Sistem Informasi Pertanian Sekretariat Jenderal Kementerian Pertanian, Jakarta, 2018.
Erliza, H., Rivai, M., The Potential of Palm Oil Waste Biomass in Indonesia in 2020 and 2030, IOP Conf. Series:Earth and Environmental Science Vol. 65, 2017, p.25.
Aiyen., Edy, S., Erliza, H., dkk., Roadmap Riset Kelapa Sawit Indonesia. Badan Pengelola Dana Perkebunan Sawit (BPDP Sawit), Jakarta, 2017.
Rahayu, A., Karsiwulan, D., dkk. Buku Panduan Konversi POME menjadi Biogas Pengembangan Proyek di Indonesia, Winrock International. Jakarta, 2015
Tabassum, S., dkk., An Integrated Method for Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) Treatment for Achieving Zero Liquid Dscharge â€“ A Pilot Study. Journal of Cleaner Production Vol. 95, 2015, p.148.
Mel, M., Yong, A., dkk., Simulation Study for Economic Analysis of Biogas Production from Agricultural Biomass. Conference and Exhibition Indonesia â€“ New, Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation, 4-6 Juni 2014, Jakarta, p. 204-214
ABB. Achieving accurate wastewater flow measurement. WaterMaster AD/Flow/006-EN Rev. A, 2016.
Geotech. Biogas 3000 Technical Specification. DS 06, 2012.
Kiker, E. Automation Basics : Thermocouples versus RTDs. InTech Magazine, 2013
ABB. Metering Gas in Biogas Plants. Application Description AG/PS109-EN. 2015.
Open Access Policy
MIPI provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.
MIPI by TIRBR-BPPT is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at http://ejurnal.bppt.go.id/index.php/MIPI