PENGARUH PERUBAHAN MIKROSTRUKTUR TERHADAP PERUBAHAN KEKERASAN RADIANT TUBE YANG TELAH BEROPERASI SEJAK 2003

Laili Novita Sari, Sutarjo .

Abstract


B2TKS - Sub- Analysis of Damage and residual life has done Remaining Life Assessment to the radiant tube on oil and gas companies from 2003 - 2016. In determining the RLA, it was used graph of the Era Technology where the determination is based on the microstructural changes while there are no literature or research which shows the hardness changing of material ASTM A 213 T5 which occurs during the aging process. Therefore it need to make formulation about the changes of spheriodizationto the chages of hardness of radiant tube material ASTM A 213 T5. By knowing a reasonable decrease in hardness to spheriodization, it was expected to detect the abnormal condition or damage earlier. Based on the examination of metallographic and hardness testing ,is was known that the reduction of hardness occur in proportion to the increase ofsperiodization percentage. In spheriodzation changing of Classification A, B, C the decrease of hardness below 0.7 HB / HB0 while classification D until the next classification,reduction of hardness above 0,7HB / HB0.

Abstrak

B2TKS – Sub Bidang Analisa Kerusakan dan umur sisa telah melakukan Remaining Life Assesment pada radiant tube pada perusahaan minyak dan gas bumi dari tahun 2003 – 2016. Dalam penentuan RLAdigunakan grafik dari Era Teknologi dimana penentuannya berdasarkan perubahan struktur mikro sedangkan untuk perubahan kekerasan material belum ada literatur atau penelitianyang menunjukkan tentang perubahan kekerasan pada material ASTM A 213 T5yang terjadi selama proses penuaan. Karena itu dilakukan perumusanperubahan kekerasan terhadap speriodisasi pada tube radiant material ASTM A 213 T5. Dengan mengetahui penurunan kekerasan yang wajar terhadap speriodisasi diharapkan akan mempermudah pendeteksian awal kondisi abnornal atau kerusakan. Berdasarkan pengamatan metalografi dan uji kekerasan diketahui bahwa penurunan kekerasan terjadi secara proporsional dengan peningkatan prosentase spriodisasi. Klasifikasi A, B, C penurunan kekerasan dibawah 0,7 HB/HB0 sedangkan klasifikasi D sampai berikutnya penurunan kekerasan diatas 0,7HB/HB0.

Keywords: hardness, radiant tube, in situ metallography, ASTM A 213 T5




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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29122/mkk.v16i1.3289

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