PENGARUH SEKTOR KETENAGALISTRIKAN TERHADAP PEREKONOMIAN NASIONAL ANALISIS INPUT-OUTPUT

Main Article Content

Kristiana Kristiana
Socia Prihawantoro
Joko Santosa

Abstract

Economists argue that the growth of GDP per capita in a country is greatly influenced by the growth in
electricity consumption in that country. The meaning of this statement is that if you want to increase
GDP per capita, the important thing that needs to be done is to increase the electricity supply capacity.
Empirical data shows that every 1 kWh (kilowatt-hour) of electricity consumption contributes about $ 4 -
$ 5 to GDP. Another study also states that every 1000 MW of installed capacity will contribute to a GDP
of around $ 16 billion or equivalent to Rp. 200 trillion. Therefore, if Indonesia wants to become a country
with the fifth-largest economy in the world with a GDP of $ 5.420 trillion in 2030, then one way that can
be taken is to increase the capacity of electricity resources to a minimum of 120,000 MW in 2025
(RUEN, 2017). This background underlies the analysis of the relationship between the growth of the
electricity sector and the growth of the national economy. The analysis method that will be used is the
analysis of the economic impact with the Input-Output (I-O) method. Furthermore, the I-O table used
for analysis is the 2014 creative economy I-O table. Based on the results of the study analysis, it is
stated that the sub-sector that has high leverage is the sub-sector for electricity supply. However, to
have an impact on the national economy caused by the growth of the electricity sector, it is also
necessary to develop the five sub-sectors holistically. The results of this study are expected to provide
input for stakeholders in formulating policies for the development of the electricity sector as an effort to
achieve the target of advanced Indonesia in 2030.

Article Details

How to Cite
Kristiana, K., Prihawantoro, S. ., & Santosa, J. . (2020). PENGARUH SEKTOR KETENAGALISTRIKAN TERHADAP PEREKONOMIAN NASIONAL: ANALISIS INPUT-OUTPUT. Jurnal Energi Dan Lingkungan (Enerlink), 16(1), 9–16. https://doi.org/10.29122/jel.v16i1.4577
Section
ARTICLE
Author Biographies

Kristiana Kristiana, Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi (BPPT)

Pusat Teknologi Sumberdaya Energi dan Industri Kimia, BPPT

Socia Prihawantoro, Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi (BPPT)

Pusat Teknologi Sumberdaya Energi dan Industri Kimia, BPPT

Joko Santosa, Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi (BPPT)

Pusat Teknologi Sumberdaya Energi dan Industri Kimia, BPPT

References

Adam, L.,2016. Dinamika Sektor Kelistrikan di Indonesia:

Kebutuhan dan Performa Penyediaan. Jurnal Ekonomi dan

Pembangunan Vol 24, No. 1.

Aji S.D.; Anas,M.A., 2017. Multiplier Effect Sektor Basis

Terhadap Perekonomian Daerah Provinsi Jawa Tengah.

Jurnal Riset Ekonomi Pembangunan Volume 2 No.2 April

Analisis Tabel I-O Balikpapan 2015, BPS Kota Balikpapan,

Anggraeni, M.; Rustiadi,E.; Yulianto,G., 2020. Peranan Sektor

Perikanan Terhadap Perekonomian Kabupaten Natuna.

Jurnal Kebijakan Sosek KP Vol. 10 No.1 Juni 2020 Hal 11-23.

Cahyono, F.E., 2012. Analisis Pengaruh Infrastruktur Ekonomi

Terhadap Produk Domestik Bruto di Indonesia. Jurnal

Ekonomi Pembangunan, Vol 10 No. 2 Desember 2012.

Daryanto, A. dan Hafizrianda, Y., 2010. Analisis Input-Output &

Social Accounting Matrix untuk Pembangunan Ekonomi

Daerah. IPB Press, Bogor.

Dehejia, V.H., 2012. The Economic Growth Engine: How

Energy and Work Drive Material Prosperity by Robert U.Ayres

and Benjamin Warr. Industrial Ecology Vol. 16, p451-452.

Diego, et al., 2017. Assessing the Impacts of Final Demand on

CO2-eq Emissions in the Mexican Economy: An Input-Output

Analysis. Energy and Power Engineering, Vol.9 No.1,

January 22, 2017.

Effendi, B.S., 2017. Listrik Sebagai Driver Pertumbuhan

Ekonomi. Kompasiana. 11 September 2017.

https://www.antaranews.com/berita/818581/peningkatankonsumsi-listrik-dapat-atasi-fenomena-middle-income-trap.

diakses 1April 2019.

https://www.pwc.com/id/en/media-centre/pwc-innews/2017/indonesian/pwc--indonesia-akan-menjadinegara-dengan-perekonomian-terbesar-.html. 2017.

Media Indonesia, Listrik Guna Mendorong Perekonomian. Edisi

Maret 2017.

Miller, R.E.; Blair, Peter D., 2009. Input-Output Analysis:

Foundations and Extensions. Cambridge. GBR: Cambridge

University Press. Hal 10.

PEPRES No 22 tahun 2017 (RUEN).

Peraturan Kepala Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) No. 19 Tahun

tentang Perubahan Atas Peraturan Kepala BPS NO. 95

Tahun 2015 tentang Klasifikasi Baku Lapangan Usaha

Indonesia (KBLI).

Prihawantoro, S.; Tukiyat; Nuraini, A., 2019, Peranan Sektor

Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi Dalam Perekonomian

Indonesia dengan Pendekatan Analisis Input-Output, Jurnal

Administrasi Dan Manajemen, Vol 9 no 1.

Rita H.T., 2013. Perencanaan Pembangunan Berdasarkan

Analisis Tabel I-O Tahun 2005: Studi Kasus Provinsi

Kepulauan Bangka Belitung, Jurnal Ekonomi & Kebijakan

Publik, Vol. 4 No. 2, Desember 2013.

Soedomo, R. P., 2010. Analisis Keterkaitan Antar Industri dan

Sektor Kunci di Indonesia. Kajian Ekonomi Keuangan,

Volume 14 No. 3 Tahun 2010. ISSN 1410-3249.

Sukma, M.; Hartono, D.; Prihawantoro, S., 2018. The Impact

Analysis of Creative-Product Export on the Economy dalam

Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan (JEJAK), Vol 11 (1) (2018): 92-

Suryani, T., 2013. Analisis Peran Sektor Ekonomi Terhadap

Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Kabupaten Pemalang (Analisis Tabel

Input Output Kabupaten Pemalang Tahun 2010). Economics

Development Analysis Journal 2. Universitas Negeri

Semarang.

Tabel Input-Output Ekonomi Kreatif Indonesia 2014, diolah

BPS. 2019.

Wikarya, U., 2015. ANALISIS MODEL INPUT-OUTPUT.

Lembaga Penyelidikan Ekonomi dan Masyarakat Fakultas

Ekonomi Universtas Indonesia.dan Batu Bara. Proceeding

Seminar Nasional Tahunan Teknik Mesin XIV (SNTTM XIV).