KAJIAN TEKNO EKONOMI PRODUKSI BAHAN PROPILENA GLIKOL BERBASIS BIOMASSA VIA HIDROGENOLISIS GLISEROL

Main Article Content

Galuh Wirama Murti
Arif Darmawan
Nesha Adelia
Nilasari
Dorit Bayu Islam Nuswantoro

Abstract

Governmental policies that promote biofuels such as biodiesel have led to the generation a large
amounts of glycerol waste as a low-cost raw material. The purpose of this paper is to present a technoeconomic study on the production of biomass-based propylene glycol via glycerol hydrogenolysis,
considering hydrogen feeds that partially or fully utilize renewable sources. For analysis and
calculation, computer simulations are carried out using the Aspen Hysys V11 simulator. The technoeconomic analysis is performed by modelling the propylene glycol synthesis process from glycerol,
which is then used to calculate the facility capital cost and estimate operating costs to obtain an annual
return on investment. Sensitivity analysis is also conducted for several parameters on a 36,000
ton/year propylene glycol plant. The results showed the production cost was 0.76 USD/kg or 10,802
IDR/kg when the hydrogen is generated from the natural gas steam-methane reforming (SMR)
process. If the hydrogen is produced from the glycerol steam reforming process, which is fully
renewable, the plant is not feasible, as indicated by a negative net present value (NPV).

Article Details

How to Cite
Wirama Murti, G. ., Darmawan, A. ., Adelia, N. ., Nilasari, & Bayu Islam Nuswantoro, D. (2020). KAJIAN TEKNO EKONOMI PRODUKSI BAHAN PROPILENA GLIKOL BERBASIS BIOMASSA VIA HIDROGENOLISIS GLISEROL. Jurnal Energi Dan Lingkungan (Enerlink), 16(2), 43–50. Retrieved from https://ejurnal.bppt.go.id/index.php/Enerlink/article/view/4800
Section
ARTICLE
Author Biographies

Galuh Wirama Murti, Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi (BPPT)

Pusat Teknologi Sumberdaya Energi dan Industri Kimia (PTSEIK)

Arif Darmawan, Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi (BPPT)

Pusat Teknologi Sumberdaya Energi dan Industri Kimia (PTSEIK)

Nesha Adelia, Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi (BPPT)

Pusat Teknologi Sumberdaya Energi dan Industri Kimia (PTSEIK)

Nilasari, Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi (BPPT)

Pusat Teknologi Sumberdaya Energi dan Industri Kimia (PTSEIK)

Dorit Bayu Islam Nuswantoro, Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi (BPPT)

Pusat Teknologi Sumberdaya Energi dan Industri Kimia (PTSEIK)