ENERGI NUKLIR SEBAGAI SOLUSI UNTUK MENGHAMBAT PEMANASAN GLOBAL

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Ida Nuryatin Finahari

Abstract

Global warming is the increase in the average temperature of the earth surface, atmosphere and oceans.
The global warming in recent years has been international issues. The issues come to the surface
because global warming has the very big impact to the world and the lives of animal, plant and human,
such as world climate change. The main cause of global warming is the combustion of fossil fuel such
as coal, oil and natural gas, that released carbon dioxide and other gases to atmosphere as greenhouse
gases. One of alternative to retard this global warming is by replacing fossil fuel with utilization of nuclear
energy for power plant. As a comparison, a 1,000 MWe nuclear power plant as a substitute for coal fi red
power plant at the same capacity, will reduce 6,000,000 tons of CO2 gas emission per year. Considering
environmental aspect, the nuclear power plant is not emitting CO2 gas, so that the use of nuclear power
plant can retard the global warming. Considering economic aspect, based on operational experience
of nuclear power plants in advanced countries, it is shown that cost of generating electricity of nuclear
power plants is more competitive than fossil fuel power plant. Considering safety aspect, nuclear power
plant operating in the world, have passed by a technological test. They have also an excellent operation
reliability and a very good safety system.

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