• Angella Natalia Ghea Puspita
  • Irwan Haryanto
  • Arini Mulia Salsabila
  • Abdul hapid


The increasing use of lithium-ion batteries in the world has led to an increase in interest in battery raw materials and has also increased the waste generated from used batteries that are no longer used. This is also due to the increasing use of batteries in electronics and the increasing sales of electric cars in the world. The process of recycling lithium-ion batteries in the world is predicted to increase due to the limited availability of preparation components. Geographically, Asia Pacific generates USD 1,15 billion in revenue in terms of battery recycling. The existence of a battery energy storage policy has contributed greatly to the growth of battery recycling in Asia Pacific.

Asia Pacific is the largest and fastest growing lithium-ion battery recycling market region, as there many companies undertaking similar activated in the region, especially in China. At present, China as well as in the world, pyromettalurgical recycling technology is widely used to recover nickel and cobalt. However, lithium was left as slag because it was considered less profitable. Current recycling technology is based on lead and lithium-ion batteries. Lead battery recycling is well developed and accounts for 50% of lead batteries produced. This processing technology could pave the way for lithium-ion battery recycling. However, in practice recovery of lithium and other precious metals is not easy given the difference in structure and characteristic between lead and lithium-ion batteries. Therefore, the use of pyrometallurgical and hydrometallurgical technologies is combined to increase the efficiency of the process.

According to the Agency of Central Statistics (BPS) in 2016, in Indonesia there was the use of lithium-ion batteries in power bank at 14 million unit/year, emergency lights at 900 thousand/year, and other household electrical applicance at 1,2 million units/year. Currently in Indonesia, there is already an electric vehicle recycling company, namely PT. Indonesia Puqing Recycling Technology in Morowali, Central Sulawesi. This company already has the right technology and is ready to produce batteries from the recycle process. Unfortunately, to carry out its production, PT. Indonesia Puqing Recycling Technology is still having problems with licensing related to aspects of Toxic and Hazardous Material (B3) waste.