MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM AND CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION: A LITERATURE REVIEW

Main Article Content

Dian Nuraini Melati

Abstract

Mangrove ecosystem has high productivity both ecologically and economically. Mangrove
ecosystems have the ability to store high carbon which is useful in supporting the reduction of
greenhouse gas emissions. The results of previous studies have shown that mangrove
ecosystems are able to store carbon three to four times greater than terestrial forests. Most of
the carbon are stored in the soil. Therefore, ecosystem mangroves have an important role to
mitigate climate change. However, mangroves can be effective in supporting the mitigation of
carbon dioxide emissions if mangrove deforestation rates are low. However, mangroves can
still contribute with great potential when conservation are maintained to increase future carbon
stocks through restoration and prevent further emissions from deforestation. Existing data and
prior research indicate that mangrove forests are threatened due to mangrove coverage
reduction. This is caused by changes in land use. There are many conversions of mangroves
into cultivation ponds, as well as conversions into agricultural land such as paddy fields and
pastures, accompanied by an increase in demand for oil palm which causes land clearing. In
addition, the population around the coastal area is increasing, resulting in the clearing of
mangrove land for infrastructure development such as road and port construction. In order to
reduce the rate of mangrove deforestation, it is necessary to conserve and restore mangroves.
By preserving mangrove forests, not only maintain carbon stocks for climate change mitigation
but also facilitate adaptation to climate change such as sea level rise.

Article Details

Section
Articles