KARAKTERISTIK BUTIR AIR HUJAN PERMUKAAN DAN LAPISAN ATAS ATMOSFER PADA PUNCAK MUSIM HUJAN DI TANGERANG SELATAN

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Sara Aisyah Syafira
Nyayu Fatimah Zahroh
Saraswati Dewi
Findy Renggono

Abstract

Intisari


Beberapa penelitian terkait kejadian hujan menggunakan beberapa jenis alat seperti Micro Rain Radar (MRR) dan Disdrometer. Kombinasi kedua instrument tersebut dapat memberikan gambaran yang lebih  komprehensif mengenai kejadian hujan mulai dari lapisan atas atmosfer hingga permukaan. Penelitian ini mengamati beberapa kejadian hujan pada puncak musim hujan tahun 2017 dan pergantian tahun 2019/2020 di Kawasan Puspiptek Serpong, Tangerang Selatan dengan menggunakan instrumen MRR dan Disdrometer untuk mengetahui karakteristik distribusi ukuran butir air hujan. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan pola sebaran butir air hujan yang berbeda, antara kejadian hujan dengan intensitas sangat lebat dan sangat ringan hingga lebat, baik pada lapisan atas atmosfer maupun permukaan. Selain itu, hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kejadian hujan sangat lebat berasal dari kumpulan awan konvektif dengan durasi hujan selama 15-60 menit. Sedangkan, kejadian hujan ringan hingga sedang pada umumnya berasal dari kumpulan awan nimbostratus di level menengah atmosfer dengan durasi hujan sekitar 2-3 jam.


Abstract


Several studies used some equipment types to observe rain events, such as the Micro Rain Radar (MRR) and Disdrometer. Combining the two can provide a more comprehensive picture of rain events from the upper atmosphere to the surface. This study observed several rain events at the peak of the rainy season in 2017 and the turn of the year 2019/2020 in the Puspiptek Serpong Area, South Tangerang, using MRR and Disdrometer instruments to determine the characteristics of the droplet size distribution. This study's results indicate a different droplet size distribution pattern, between the incidence of rain with very heavy intensity and very light to dense, both in the upper atmosphere and surface. Besides, this study's results indicate that the very heavy rain events come from convective clouds with a 15-60 minutes rain duration. Meanwhile, light to moderate rain events generally come from a group of nimbostratus clouds in the medium-level atmosphere with a rain duration of roundabout 2-3 hours.

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References

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