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Global warming has become an increasingly important issue around the world today dueÂ to the rise of anthropogenic greenhouse gases emission, which gives several negativeÂ impacts on human life.Â There are some techniques have been studied and assessed i.e. physical mechanismÂ by injected CO2 to the geological formations, chemical mechanism with artificial treeÂ technology and biological mechanism by increasing the primary production throughÂ iron enrichment in high nutrient-low chlorophyll (HNLC) waters as well as mixing ofÂ water column below the sea surface. Those technologies, which are well known asÂ Carbon Capture Storage â€˜(CCS) technology, are expected to be applied to reduceÂ the oncentration of anthropogenic CO2 in the atmosphere and to minimize the globalÂ warming.Â The Center of Environmental Technology, Agency for the Assessment and Application ofÂ Technology (BPPT) will carry out a research concerning CO2 reduction by a phytoplanktonÂ culture in a photobioreactor in three years. The main objective of this research is toÂ assess the CO2 uptake capability of tropical phytoplankton.Â In this paper, we would showed the creteria and design to assembly a photobioreactorÂ esspesially a air lift photobioreactor. To improve performance photobioreaktor, theÂ materials included design criteria and the dynamics of fluids in fotobioreaktor have toÂ considered propoerly. Other the hand, the selection of the most productive species andÂ selection of appropriate media and economically also important to be done.Â Keywords: global warming, creteria and design, greenhouse gas, air lift photobioreactor
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