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number of 218.8 million and rate of waste generation 0.61 kg/cap/day. Most of
MSW (40%) are transported to the Solid Waste Disposal Site (TPA) in urban area.
The landfill site which is unmanaged will become a source of the GHGs emission,
mainly the methane emission. Based on the Indonesian population, using FOD
IPCC Tier-2 method, CH
4 generated from MSW sector (landfill only) in 2006 is
109.96 Gg CH4 and will be increased up to 259 Gg in 2010, 504 Gg in 2015 and
1,065 Gg in 2025. The increase number of this CH4 emission is caused by the
increase of population number that will increase the waste production and also
increase the volume waste that is collected in the disposal area. The future scenario
by referring to the national strategic plan which is developed by the Public Work
Department is that the waste should be reduced from the source, so the total
volume will be reduced by 20% in 2010. In 2015, refers to the MDGs target, 80% of
the MSW in urban area and 50% of the MSW in rural area should be transported to
the final disposal site. As stated in Solid Waste Management Act No 18/2008 and
in accordance with the raw water protection, improvement of landfill quality from
open dumping to sanitary landfill or controlled landfill and development of regional
landfill are the priority programs with national financial support as an initial investment.
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