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Sabaruddin Wagiman Tjokrokusumo


Indonesia is an archipelago country which has coastline up to 81 000 km
with rich and bountiful wetlands, especially coastal wetlands. Wetland
areas estimated is more than 40.5 millions hectare, including mangrove
forest around 6.3 millions hectare. As world environmental condition is
degraded, Indonesia marine and coastal environments have been
experienced degradation, especially mass fish killed incident quite often
occurred in water environments due to eutrophiocation. This incidence
has lead to productive coastal and marine environments to become
hypoxia, means that this is a process of declining oxygen content in the
water column due to organic matter or organic chemicals in water
environment were accumulated in coastal and merine environments. Most
scientist precited that this conditions was occurred because of mangrove
forest was degraded and already convert to other uses, especially for
shrimp pond produvtion and industrial development. World scientist has
praised that mangrove forest is the place to be traditional shrimp pond
location in years. Scientifically this traditional shrimp pond has praticed
and applied ecotechnological approach for increasing stable shrimp
production in Indonesia. However, this method has been changed lately
for booming Indonesian shrimp export due to Indonesia economic
development. Therefore, this paper proposed and elaborated the
important and function of wetlands for not only economic development but
also conserve and mitigate artificial wetlands ecosystem as a whole
ecosystem for social, environmental and economic development in the
future. This paper is also clarify the important of artificial wetlands in
coastal and marine landscape.

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