OPTIMATION OF FIRE EXTINGUISHMENT SYSTEMS IN X STATION CENTER OF CRUDE OIL AND GAS STORAGE

Authors

  • Amiral Aziz Balai Besar Teknologi Konversi Energi BPPT
  • Andre Nugroho Departemen Teknik Mesin Institut Sains dan Teknologi Nasional

Abstract

This paper discusses some research results that were carried out to optimize the fire extinguishment system of X Station in South Sumatera. To optimize the fire extinguishing system at station X, a system modification has been done, which included: changes in the number of stockpile tank units, changes in capacity and dimensions of oil tanks, and changes in fire wall construction. With the change in capacity and dimensions, especially the storage tank unit, it is necessary to recalculate whether the water demand in the fire protection system is still sufficient according to the existing system condition. From this research, it can be concluded that the maximum flow rate of foam under the existing condition is 1631.6 gpm while the optimum ondition is 65% smaller than the existing system condition at 570.54 gpm. The cooling water flow rate of 615.09 gpm at optimum ondition is lower than the existing system conditions of 1409.33 gpm. The required water to the fire extinguishment system is 250 gpm; this value is smaller than the existing system capacity of 2074 gpm. By using performance curves of Grundfos Data Booklet, for the capacity of pump 1250 gpm, the total head pump and pump efficiency are obtained 103.48 m and 77.5 %, respectively.

Keywords: optimation; tank; water; foam; pump

References

Casey C. Grant, P.E. Chapter 4.9 Fire Protection and Prevention, Standard Handbook of Plant Engineering third Edition pp 4169-4221, The McGraw-Hill Companies, 2008.

Bery Romadhon, Fire Protection Analysis On Gas Production Company and Power plant, the Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, November 2018.

Yi Zhoua ,Yang Du, Xiaogang Zhao, Peili Zhang, Sheng Qi, Experimental Study on the Explosion of Gasoline-air Mixture in Reduced-scale Storage Tank, The Open Petroleum Engineering Journal, Volume 12, 2019.

Kamila Kempna, Jan Smolka, Milos Kvarcak, Ivan Kricfalusi, Zdenek Stejskal, Tomaz Hozjan and Dionysis Kolaitis, Fire Safety Protection Assessment of Industrial Technologies, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2018.

Sesseng.C, Storesund.K, Steen-Hansen.A, Analysis of 985 fire incidents related to oil- and gas production on the Norwegian continental shelf, Conference: Safety and Reliability – Safe Societies in a Changing World, ESREL Conference, At: Trondheim, Norway, 2018

Station X, Detail Design Fire Water System of X Station – South Sumatera.

NFPA 11, Standard for Low, Medium and High Expansion Foam, 2016

M. Massoud, GS EP SAF 253, Impact Area, Restricted area and Fire Zone, Total E&P

NFPA 20, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection, 2019.

API RP 2030, Application of Fixed Water Spray Systems for Fire Protection in Petroleum Industry, Fourth Edition 2014.

Akhmad Muji Hartono and Amiral Aziz, Evaluation of the Centrifugal Pump Efficiency at the Cilincing Distribution Water Treatment Unit., Enerlink- Jurnal Energi dan Lingkungan, Vol. 14 No. 1, Juni 2018.

Johann Friedrich Gülich, Centrifugal Pumps, Second Edition, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2010

J. Phillip Ellenberger, Piping And Pipeline Calculations Manual, Construction, Design, Fabrication, and Examination, Jurnal and Book, Science Direct. Second Edition 2014.

Robert W. Fox, Alan T. McDonald, Philip J. Pritchard, John W. Mitchell. Fluid Mechanics, 9th Edition SI Version ,Wiley, 2016

Dennis Nolan , Handbook of Fire and Explosion Protection Engineering Principles for Oil, Gas, Chemical, and Related Facilities 4th Edition, Elsevier Book and Journal, 16th October 2018.

Grundfos, Fire DNF - Fire HSF Grundfos Fire Systems, Grundfos Data Booklet, 2017.

Downloads

Published

2021-04-28